Republika Hrvatska Croazia Continentale Zagreb Grotte
Špilja Veternica ID: 72150-194
Since 1979 Veternica cave is protected by law as a geomorphologic monument of nature.
The elevation of the cave entrance is 320 m . Total length of explored canals is 7128 m , and the length of the main canal is 2622 m . The first 380 m of the cave are adapted for visitors.
Veternica is the fourth longest cave in Croatia in length, and the longest in northern Croatia . It is an important archeological and paleontological site, and an enlightening example of karst phenomenon. In 1889 Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger attracted public attention to this cave.
The part of Veternica adapted for tourists shows geomorphologic phenomena rarely seen in typical tourist-adapted caves: oval erosion forms made by water vortexes (which tell us about a former water stream), sand dunes left after the last underground stream which used to spring from Veternica, an extinct cave bear's ( Ursus speleus ) lower jaw, fossil mud, the Well of wishes in the Concert hall, the fossil of a shell from the genus Pecten , the sea urchin Clypeaster on the ceiling, the stone waterfall (a beautiful dripstone formation) etc. Fourteen species of bats hibernate in the whole cave. Veternica cave is located in the southwest part of Medvednica, above the village Gornji Stenjevec. Its distance from the center of Zagreb is less than 9 km. It was named after the wind flow that appears at the entrance as a result of the temperature difference (cave adiabatic is about 10° C). The entrance to the cave is at an elevation of 320 m. Since the 1950's, Zagreb 's cavers have continuously been exploring the cave and drawing maps of its underground corridors.
Text and images are used with permission from the web site http://www.pp-medvednica.hr/
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